The World – Science and Technology
Put simply, it is not how much food a pregnant mother eats but what is inside it that makes a difference to her health and that of her baby.
Studies have shown that about three in four women do not gain healthy amounts of weight during pregnancy. About 25% are not gaining enough weight and about 50% are gaining more than is considered healthy.
Weight gain during pregnancy affects the mother’s ability to move and her self-esteem, which increases the risk of weight gain.
What is a healthy weight gain during pregnancy?
Dr. Alexandra Stockwell says how much weight a mother should gain during pregnancy depends on her pre-pregnancy weight and the number of children she carries. These two factors help determine what is a healthy weight gain, which reduces the risk of pregnancy complications.
If a woman was in a healthy weight range before pregnancy, then the ideal weight gain is between 11.5 to 16 kg during pregnancy.
Ideal weight gain (kg) during pregnancy:
In the first trimester of pregnancy, between 1 to 1.5 kg
In the second and third trimesters: between 1.5 to 2 kg every month until birth
For those who carry twins or more, the amount of weight you gain varies slightly, and there will be a noticeable increase in the body mass index (BMI).
Risks of not gaining enough weight during pregnancy:
For women who are underweight before pregnancy and who gain less than the recommended amount, there is an increased risk of premature labor and having a baby who is underweight. There is also a risk of developing nutrient deficiencies, especially iron and protein.
Risks of gaining too much weight during pregnancy:
Excessive weight gain increases the risk of having a very large baby and the need for a cesarean delivery. This also affects a healthy postpartum recovery time and increases the risk of a range of pregnancy complications, in the short and long term.
Gestational diabetes can occur, especially if there is a very rapid weight gain in the first pregnancy.
There is an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
Difficulty giving birth
Depression and anxiety.
Obesity and health problems for the child during puberty
Miscarriage and stillbirth
Challenges of breastfeeding
What can I do to not gain weight during pregnancy?
It is important to take into account that what is important is what a pregnant woman eats, not the amount, as the nutrition in the food she eats will support her and her baby so that they are healthy.
And “brown” foods like chips, fried foods, and processed foods should be avoided. The color of the food is often a sign of how much it has been processed.
Dr. Stockwell says that it is necessary to have a diet that contains lots of vegetables, protein and whole grains, along with adopting some safe exercise for pregnant women (walking and yoga, for example) for 30 minutes on most days of the week.