The reasons for the occurrence of breast cancer from a scientific point of view are not known precisely yet, and this makes it difficult to determine who will develop it, and the incidence of breast cancer is high, so women must undergo periodic checks to discover it at its beginning if it does occur, and the following paragraphs talk more about the causes of breast cancer from The scientific viewpoint, its symptoms, the factors that increase the risk of infection, and how to treat and prevent it.
The causes of breast cancer from a scientific point of view
The main cause of breast cancer is not known yet, but there are many factors that lead to breast cancer, such as:
- Age: Breast cancer is more common in women over the age of 50, who have gone through menopause.
- Previous breast cancer or a benign tumor.
- Dense breast tissue: If there are thousands of small glands that produce milk.
- Hormones and hormone medications.
- Exposure to estrogen.
- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT).
- Contraceptive pills.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Excessive alcohol intake.
- Exposure to x-rays.
Breast cancer symptoms
Breast cancer is associated with many symptoms, but the most obvious of them is the appearance of a lump of thick tissue in the breast, in addition to:
- Changes in the size or shape of one or both breasts.
- Discharge from one of the nipples, which may be bloody.
- A lump or swelling in the armpits, or one of them.
- Breast dimpling.
- A rash on or around the nipple.
- The nipple has changed appearance, such as becoming sunken.
- Breast pain is not usually a symptom of breast cancer.
Breast cancer risk factors
Although the cause of the primary breast cancer is unknown, there are factors that increase the chances of developing it and cannot be changed, such as:
- Getting old.
- Genetic mutations, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2.
- Early menstrual periods before age 12 and menopause onset after age 55.
- Take the drug diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent a miscarriage.
Breast cancer risk factors that can be controlled:
- Lack of physical activity.
- Weight gain or obesity after menopause.
- Taking hormones, such as hormone replacement therapy (estrogen and progesterone) or oral contraceptives.
- The first pregnancy after the age of thirty.
- Not breastfeeding.
- An incomplete pregnancy has occurred.
- Drinking alcohol.
- Exposure to chemicals can cause cancer.
- Changes in hormones due to night work.
Breast cancer treatment methods
- Existing treatments for breast cancer either eliminate it completely or prevent its progression, and they are:
- Mastectomy or removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue.
- Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy waves to destroy cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy drugs that kill cancer cells.
- Hormone therapy drugs; To prevent hormones, especially estrogen, from feeding the growth of breast cancer cells.
- Treatment directed at the immune system to help it destroy cancer cells.
- Treatment may include chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy, along with surgery or radiation.
Breast cancer prevention
Because the causes of breast cancer are not fully understood, it is not known whether it can be prevented, but risk factors that cause it, such as:
- Maintaining sports exercises and a healthy lifestyle.
- Eat less saturated fat.
- Not drinking alcohol.
- Maintaining an ideal weight after menopause.
The causes of breast cancer from a scientific point of view are not exactly known, but the risk factors are well known, such as being overweight, taking hormonal drugs such as estrogen, and an unhealthy lifestyle, such as smoking and alcoholism, and eating foods saturated with fat, and breast cancer can be cured permanently with medication or surgery. Or radiation, and it can be prevented by avoiding the risk factors that lead to it.